Carbon Accounting

Precisely identify the carbon content of electricity

As more companies seek to understand their climate impact and set goals to limit their emissions, it is important for them to have access to accurate measurements of the carbon content of the electricity they consume. The more precise the measurement, the more likely project and purchasing choices will truly reduce their emissions.

Traditional and competitive approaches to calculating grid carbon intensity use large scale averaging across time and geography. Other approaches focus on marginal emissions based on the marginal generator in the market. Both of these approaches fail to capture the realities of the power flowing on the grid and where it comes from at any point in time.

Kevala's platform provides the basis for the highly granular analysis of the grid needed to determine carbon intensity at any location and time. We deliver these actionable insights to utilities, regulators, and businesses seeking to decarbonize with our Total Carbon Accounting framework, developed in partnership with some of the world's largest utilities.

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The advantage of Localized Carbon Intensity

Current efforts to measure the carbon intensity of electricity use averages across long time horizons and/or large market areas.

While these efforts have moved the industry forward, an approach that neglects to consider the actual power flows on the grid and how they change over time is not sufficient for decarbonizing the global economy. These outdated practices can lead to unintended changes in the formulation of carbon intensity in energy markets.

Total Carbon Accounting (TCA) enables decision makers at the forefront of decarbonization to precisely determine how much carbon emissions are associated with a load in a specific location at a given time, allowing for the most accurate investments in climate strategies.

A comprehensive carbon accounting solution

Make Informed and Improved Decisions on Decarbonization Strategies

Utilize specific localized carbon data to inform decarbonization strategies to achieve 24/7 clean energy objectives to plan for infrastructure investments.

Improve Accuracy for Reporting GHG Emissions

Enable greater insight into the carbon impacts of the grid on generation and consumption, while also supporting more accurate reporting of emissions under the GHG Protocol, particularly Scope 2.

Identify the Most Carbon Intense Locations on Your Grid

Determine locations of high carbon intensity to best inform reinforcements, new grid infrastructure, and other investments in decarbonization and electrification.

Enable Faster and Better Decision Making

Kevala's Professional and Advisory Services team facilitates continued client success by helping to tailor the platform to provide deeper insights on decarbonization strategies.


Data ingestion, cleansing and processing


Evaluate scenarios and identify opportunities for decarbonization investments


Highly granular analysis of demand and generation


Support enhanced data sets for GHG protocol scope reporting


Model the impacts of markets on the generation portfolio and power flows


Total Carbon Accounting delivery via our platform or API


Discover Total Carbon Accounting

Kevala, National Grid, Exelon, and ComEd published the Total Carbon Accounting (TCA) white paper at COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland, in November 2021.

The white paper proposes a methodology for measuring carbon intensity on the electric grid. TCA integrates locational carbon intensity with modern carbon accounting methods to more precisely determine the carbon emissions at a specific location at a given time.

TCA supports climate action policies, program and rate designs, and procurement strategies for policymakers, utilities, and energy consumers, and can underpin carbon reporting efforts.